A Guide to Farm Insurance in the UK

Farm insurance is a type of insurance that protects farms from financial losses that can arise from a variety of risks, such as weather damage, fire, theft, and liability. It is similar to homeowners insurance, but it is specifically designed for the unique needs of farms and ranches. Farm insurance can be customized to meet the specific needs of each farm. For example, a farm that raises livestock will need different coverage than a farm that grows crops.


Farm insurance is typically more expensive than homeowners insurance. This is because the risks associated with running a farm are generally higher.

What Does Farm Insurance Cover?

Farm insurance goes beyond the usual property and contents coverage. It’s a comprehensive package tailored to the unique needs of agricultural businesses, encompassing:

  • Livestock Insurance: Provides financial support in case of illness, death, theft, or accidental damage.
  • Farm Buildings and Equipment Insurance: Covers structures, farm machinery, and tools against fire, theft, and storm damage.
  • Business Interruption Insurance: Compensates for lost income if a covered event halts your farm operations.
  • Public Liability Insurance: Protects you against claims from third parties who suffer injury or damage to your property.

Farm Insurance Eligibility

Firstly, the location of your farm plays a crucial role. Insurance companies typically operate within defined geographical areas, so ensure your farm falls within their boundaries. Additionally, the type and size of your operation matter. Some companies specialize in specific types of farms (crops, livestock, mixed), while others have limitations on acreage or annual turnover. It’s essential to find an insurer who caters to your unique agricultural pursuits.

Beyond these basic requirements, additional factors can influence your eligibility. Some insurers may require proven farming experience, especially for larger or more complex operations. A clean claims history can also be a positive factor, influencing premium rates and eligibility for certain coverages. The condition and safety standards of your farm buildings and equipment may also be considered, as implementing preventive measures like fire alarms, security systems, and biosecurity protocols can demonstrate proactive risk management, enhancing your eligibility.

However, it’s important to remember that farm insurance doesn’t cover everything. Natural disasters like floods in certain areas, acts of war or terrorism, pre-existing or gradual damage, and intentional acts or negligence are common exclusions.

Types of Farms Covered by Farm Insurance

Farm insurance covers a wide spectrum of agricultural operations. Here’s a breakdown of commonly covered farm types:

  • Crop Farms: Whether you cultivate grains, fruits, vegetables, or specialty crops, farm insurance can protect your precious produce. Coverage typically extends to growing crops, harvested crops, farm equipment used for cultivation and harvesting, and farm structures like greenhouses and storage facilities.
  • Livestock Farms: From raising cattle and poultry to sheep, pigs, or honeybees, farm insurance safeguards your animals against a variety of risks. This includes coverage for death from illness, injury, or natural disasters, theft, and liability if your animals injure someone.
  • Mixed Farms: Many farms combine crop and livestock operations, and fortunately, farm insurance accommodates this diversity. You can customize your policy to cover both components, ensuring comprehensive protection for both your land and your animals.
  • Hobby Farms: Even if you’re not running a large-scale commercial operation, your smaller farm deserves protection. There are insures such as Cliverton that offer specific “hobby farm” policies that address the unique needs of these smaller ventures. These policies tend to have lower coverage limits and may exclude certain risks, but they’re a cost-effective way to safeguard your investment.-
  • Specialty Farms: Farm insurance often caters to niche operations from vineyards and orchards to fish farms and dairy farms.

Best Farm Insurance Companies in UK

You need to take your time to thoroughly research and compare options before choosing an insurance provider. Don’t hesitate to contact different insurers and ask questions to ensure you receive the best possible coverage for your small farm in the UK. Here’s a list of some of the best farm insurance providers in the UK:

  • NFU Mutual
  • Rural Insurance Group
  • AXA Agri
  • Allianz
  • Farm & General (F&G)
  • Towergate
  • Cliverton (good for smallholding insurance and hobby farming insurance)
  • Marsh Commercial

Protect Your Livelihood with Farm Insurance in the United Kingdom

It’s crucial to know that farm insurance doesn’t cover everything. Common exclusions include natural disasters like floods in certain areas, pre-existing or gradual damage, and intentional acts or negligence. Before deciding, carefully read the policy details and understand these limitations.

The best way to figure out if you qualify and find the right farm insurance is to talk to an experienced insurance agent. They can assess your specific farm and needs, guide you on eligibility options, and help you choose the most suitable coverage. Remember, farm insurance is an investment in your livelihood, so take your time, ask questions, and go through the eligibility process confidently.

By understanding the main factors that affect eligibility and working with knowledgeable insurance professionals, you can have peace of mind knowing your farm is protected from potential risks.